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Britain backs Brexit, Cameron to resign

APTOPIX Britain Election

Britain has spoken – and it has voted to leave the European Union, bringing an end to the premiership of David Cameron.

The sensational result – which confounded the eve-of-poll opinion polls and the betting markets – was announced early on Friday morning.

Click for referendum reaction

52% of voters elected to Leave the European Union, while 48% opted to Remain. With a high turnout of 72%, early indications suggest that the Eurosceptic vote by blue-collar Labour voters has far exceeded expectations and proven a pivotal factor in the outcome.

So what happens next? While this unprecedented vote means no-one really knows, here are six things to look for over the coming days and weeks.

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A forecast for the 2017 Norwegian elections

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Norway’s present government has two parties represented among its Cabinet Ministers and relies on an additional two coalition partners to get a majority in Parliament.

Norway has a long tradition of minority rule. Eight parties are represented in Parliament, with 169 seats in total.

Since World War II, there has only been 10 years of majority government. The former centre-left (red-green coalition) formed a majority in Parliament in the period from 2005 till 2013. During this time, power shifted from Parliament toward the Ministries and from public debates to meetings behind closed doors.

After the elections in September 2013, the centre-left coalition handed over power to another coalition, this time made up of the Conservatives (Høyre) and The Progress Party (FrP).

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Toughest elections since the end of Apartheid

RSA

Enter the era of coalition government.

South Africa’s Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) has released the results of the country’s 2016 Municipal Elections, in which over 200 parties and 1.3 million new voters participated in what is regarded as the country’s most fiercely contested municipal elections since the dawn of democracy in 1994.

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Brussels Brexit Briefing – 2nd August

Westminster

As we enter the summer break in the UK and across Europe, Brexit fervour at last seems to be dying down.

The big news in the last week has been the appointment, by Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, of former French Foreign Minister and EU Commissioner, Michel Barnier, to lead the EU’s Brexit negotiations. Mr Barnier, who led the Commission’s overhaul of EU banking laws in the aftermath of the 2008 financial meltdown, is already being seen as a provocative appointment by many in the UK media, given France’s firm stance on the UK’s future relationship with the EU.

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Brussels Brexit Briefing – 27th July

Westminster

Theresa May’s new government has made its first practical moves towards Brexit by pulling the UK out of its scheduled slot in the EU’s rotating presidency in the second half of 2017.

The UK’s space will be taken over by Estonia, which will bring forward its own presidency by six months. A spokesman for European Council President Donald Tusk said there was “broad agreement” when EU ambassadors met in Brussels, although the decision still has to be formally confirmed.

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Brussels Brexit Briefing – 19th July

Westminster

Key EU figures have put pressure on Theresa May to move fast to quit the EU. European Parliament President Martin Schulz called on her to invoke Article 50 after the summer, saying her government must give “the utmost consideration” to the European Parliament, which has the power to veto the UK’s EU divorce and any future trade deal. In an article for the Guardian, Mr Schulz called for talks to begin “without rancour” and for Britain to be thought of as a beloved relative leaving home rather than a treacherous renegade.

However, EU officials have acknowledged they have no powers to force the UK to trigger Article 50. European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, at a summit in China, offered conciliatory words for Mrs May, saying that the UK will face no “hate” or “revenge” during the Brexit talks. “I will not negotiate with Britain in a hostile mood. We have been partners in the EU for 40 years. We are allied countries, most of us in the North Atlantic Alliance,” he said.

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Were “free” banknotes enough to sway Swiss voters?

Swiss flag

Swiss citizens recently took part in a ballot, voting on five separate issues. With a 46% turnout, the public followed the advice of the Federal Council, hoping to ensure a solid long term impact on the economy.

Amongst the differing issues, the most notable case which generated a lot of attention, not only on a national scale but on a global one too, was the issue concerning a basic income for all.

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Prime Minister Matteo Renzi is put to the test

Bundeskanzler Werner Faymann in Rom

Local elections in Italy

The rise of the anti-establishment 5 Star Movement (M5S), founded by comedian Beppe Grillo in 2009, has now become a challenge to Prime Minister Matteo Renzi’s power.

In June, citizens voted to elect mayors and town councillors of several cities across Italy, including Rome, Turin, Milan and Bologna.
These are the main results of the elections:
• M5S, which has largely been seen as a protest movement in the past years, has now become Italy’s second largest party
• M5S won in 19 out of 20 cities, where its candidates stood for mayor
• There was a general loss of consensus for Matteo Renzi’s centre-left party (Democratic Party, PD), although it held onto power in Milan, Italy’s financial capital and in the northern city of Bologna, by beating the centre-right candidates

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Health policy

Pipette and  Petri dish

A case study for post-Brexit EU policy-making?

The UK vote to leave the European Union in the referendum on 23 June has cast significant uncertainty regarding both the institutional consequences of the vote and the general political direction the European Union will adopt in the run-up to and after a Brexit.

In the field of healthcare, the location of the European Medicines Agency and economic implications for the pharmaceutical industry have already been identified as key post-Brexit challenges. A broader question, however arises regarding the changing dynamics one can expect at EU level on a number of key health dossiers and the impact of Brexit on the general EU approach to health policy.

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Brussels Brexit Briefing – 5th July

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Brexit Briefing – 5th July

The Conservative Party starts to choose Britain’s next Prime Minister

Following the shock result of the Brexit referendum, and the subsequent resignation of Prime Minister David Cameron, the Conservative Party has begun the process of selecting a new leader and, therefore, Prime Minister.

There are currently 5 candidates running in the contest, and these will be whittled down to 2 in a series of ballots of Conservative MPs, over the next week. By Tuesday 12 July, there will be two candidates between whom Conservative Party members around the country will choose, on the basis of one member one vote. The result of the leadership election is due to be announced on 9th September.

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Clouds over Warsaw

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The forthcoming NATO Summit in Warsaw comes at a crucial time in Europe’s history. Already described a few weeks ago by NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg as a turning point, the summit now also has to deal with the fallout from Britain’s decision to leave the EU.

The outcome of the UK referendum came as a shock to most of Europe’s elites, and marks a new low point in European integration and cohesion. The EU’s future development is threatened from within by the rise of nationalist, extremist and populist forces, while it has so far comprehensively failed to deal with the external threats and challenges of terrorism and mass migration from the Middle East and northern Africa.

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